Status - Sovereign State
Area - 603 700 square kilometers
Population - 46.3 mln.
Capital - Kyiv
Official Languages - Ukrainian
National Currency - Hryvnia (UAH). 1$ = 4.85 UAH
Calling code - +380
fire service number - 01
police number - 02
first-aid number - 03
Ukraine (Ukrayina) is a country in Eastern Europe. It borders Russia to the east, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south. The city of Kyiv is both the capital and the largest city of Ukraine.
The population of Ukraine are Ukrainians, Russians, Jews, Byelorussians, Moldovians, Poles and Bulgarians and other nations and nationalities. There are 24 administrative regions and the Crimean autonomous republic in Ukraine.
95% of the Ukrainian area is flat and the rest of it is mountainous. The Ukrainian Carpathians and the Crimean Mountains make up those 5% of its area. Ukraine is washed by the Black Sea and the se.a of Azov and it has very important ports; The major rivers are the Dnieper, the Dniester, the Bug, the Donets and others.
Ukraine has many industrial raw materials, it has rich deposits of iron, metals, coal, oil, gas, different ores and other natural resources. The country has metallurgical and heavy industries, well developed tourist sector. It is the agricultural country.
Scientists of Ukraine make a great contribution in our science. The Academy of Science of Ukraine includes many outstanding scientists and research workers famous for their important discoveries and inventions. Great success has been achieved by Paton Research institute of Electric Welding, the Research institute of Cybernetics, Superhard I Materials, and others.
Ukraine has an ancient history. It has its own original culture and arts. Ukraine has- many professional theatres and philarmonic societies. The State Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine, the Hrihory. Veryovka Ukrainian People's Choir, the Transcarpalhian People's Choir, the "Dumka" State Honoured Choir, the Honoured Bandore Players Choir, the Oavce Company of Ukraine are known not only in the country but all over the world.
Ukraine is one of the founding members of the United Nations Organisation and participates in the work of many international organizations.